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Laptop: A small computer, consisting of a screen and a keyboard, which folds in half so that it can be easily carried. Advanced Search. Database: A collection of information organized so that a computer application can quickly access selected information; it can be thought of as an electronic filing system. 2. Computer science is the study of manipulating, managing, transforming and encoding information.. It will use this machine as a host to scan and infect other computers. Français 2 289 000+ articles. Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. There are many different areas in computer science.Some areas consider problems in an abstract manner, while some need special machines, called computers.. A person who works with computers will often need mathematics, science, and logic in order to design and work with computers. Computer Terms. Coming up with a Cross-platform software ensures your … It is used to both send and receive email messages over the Internet. Computer Science Terms. Hard drive.This is where all your data is stored when you save it. 2. n. An access right. A Modem converts information from analog to digital and vice versa. The horizontal strip across the top of an application's window. Mouse wheel: A wheel in the middle of most computer mice that allows you to scroll up and down a window on your computer screen. For a more comprehensive list of terms used in computing see the relevant category on wiktionary. A. Adobe; Acrobat; Algorithm; AMD; Android; API; Apple; Application; Analog; B. Browse through our list of over 15,000 computer terms and definitions using the above search, browsing by letter, or by clicking one of the links below. Modern computers have the ability to follow generalized sets of operations, called programs. A laptop or laptop computer, is a small, portable personal computer (PC) with a " clamshell " form factor, typically having a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the clamshell and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid. Computing Terminology Posted on November 24, 2015 by Administrator Posted in A Level Concepts , A Level Quiz , Computer Science , Computing Concepts , GCSE Concepts , GCSE Quiz , Quizzes Check your computing terminology by joining the dominoes below: (Click on picture to start). However, there are other terms with less obvious origins, which are of etymological interest. Term of the Day: Email Address. • Samba — a free implementation of Microsoft's networking protocol. and software, including communication protocols. Abby Dykes-January 4, 2010 0 By Abby Dykes A hypervisor, also known as a virtual machine motor or... Read more. Terminology variants. Below is a picture of a 3.5″ desktop hard drive and a 2.5″ laptop hard drive. Computers can be connected together to form networks, allowing connected computers to … Traditional databases are organized by fields, records (a complete set of fields), and files (a collection of records). A computer that other computers can connect to via a network. Monitor: The screen of your computer, which displays computer programs and the Internet. Definitions Hypervisor Definition & Meaning. Qubit. The bit represents a logical state with one of two possible values.These values are most commonly represented as either "1" or "0", but other representations such as true/false, yes/no, +/−, or on/off are common.. authorization 1. n. In computer security, the right granted to a user to communicate with or make use of a computer system. A glossary of computer and Internet terms with definitions that are easy to understand. 2021. Computer Terminology. Computer awareness which have computer terminology is a part of many banking and insurance exams like IBPS RRB PO, Clerk, IBPS SO, SBI, RBI etc. A hardware device that is used to transfer information between computers via a phone line. This article lists such terms. From 'algorithm' to 'zip': A vocabulary list (word bank) of words and common phrases about computers. Many computers can store and retrieve information using hard drives. As an IT professional, you want something that you could use on any computer anywhere. Now we hav… In software engineeringand computer science, the process of removing physical, spatial, or temporal detailsor attributesin the study of objects or systems in order to more closely attend to other details of interest;it is also very similar in nature to the process of generalization. It should not be used as a category for articles about those topics in general; when suitable specific categories don't exist to hold them they should be placed into the root category for that topic until a better categorization presents itself. Moreover, there are a variety of operating systems for each of these devices. This icon indicates that there is a screen capture or animation describing the concept. In modern systems the performance difference between the CPU and main memory has grown so great that increasing amounts of high-speed memory is built directly into the CPU, known as a cache. Applications, apps or programs can be thought of as electronic ‘tools’ for doing electronic jobs. A computer is a machine that accepts data as input, processes that data using programs, and outputs the processed data as information. The execution of the instructions within the computer system is very fast. Computer Terms Tutorial Overview. (IEEE) Computer instructions and definitions expressed in a form [binary code] that can be recognized by the CPU of a computer. It measures it in cycles of time and refers it to as megahertz. Description. Español 1 654 000+ artículos. Topics covered in this tutorial (click link to jump to topic): Computer Terms. This is a list of computing and IT acronyms and abbreviations CPU means ‘Central Processing Unit’. In general terms, you can think of each of the following three groupings of words as synonyms. It is a core function and fundamental component of computers. The bit is a basic unit of information in computing and digital communications.The name is a portmanteau of binary digit. Pages in category "Lists of computer terms" The following 8 pages are in this category, out of 8 total. In computer security, verification that a message has not been altered or corrupted. Edison to Puskas, 13 November 1878, Edison papers, Edison National Laboratory, U.S. National Park Service, West Orange, N.J., cited in Thomas P. Hughes, American Genesis: A History of the American Genius for Invention, Penguin Books, 1989, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "What does {some strange unix command name} stand for? Terminology databases, either on the host computer or accessible through the Internet, such as TERMIUM Plus or Grand dictionnaire terminologique from the Office québécois de la langue française Full-text search tools (or indexers), which allow the user to query already translated texts or reference documents of various kinds. data cache (D-cache) A cache in a CPU or GPU servicing data load and store requests, mirroring main memory (or VRAM for a GPU). Italiano 1 667 000+ voci. It is very important to have knowledge about basic computer terminology. The computer was initiated by pressing a start button that performed a single command - "read a card". You can easily score good marks by … Most people use these words to discuss computer ideas, but some people use these words to impress others (also known as buzzwords). 日本語 1 248 000+ 記事. In computer architecture, a bus (a ... All such examples may be referred to as peripheral buses, although this terminology is not universal. Its size or capacity is measured in gigabytes. Menu bar. This icon indicates that there is a sound clip describing the tutorial. Short for redundant array of independent disks, RAID is a storage device that uses multiple disks to provide fault tolerance, improve overall performance, and increase storage capacity in a computer system. A computer that other computers can connect to via a network. A. Adobe; Acrobat; Algorithm; AMD; Android; API; Apple; Application; Analog; B. An email address is a unique identifier for an email account. Personal computer: a small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. The following 137 pages are in this category, out of 137 total. A password, sometimes called a passcode, is a memorized secret, typically a string of characters, usually used to confirm a user's identity. A glossary of computer terminology Application (sometimes shortened to ‘app’) Computer software, also known as a ‘program’ or ‘app’ that performs a task or set of tasks, such as word processing or drawing. device memory local memory associated with a hardware device such as a graphics processing unit or OpenCL compute device, distinct from main memory. Digital Video Disc (DVD) Also D… Programming Terminology — Synonyms. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Lists of computer terms‎ (8 P) C Computer jargon‎ (2 C, 65 P) Computing acronyms‎ (6 P) E Enterprise resource planning terminology‎ (21 P) I Internet terminology‎ (6 C, 162 P) S Software engineering terminology‎ (2 C, 17 P) Pages in category "Computing terminology" The following 137 pages are in this category, out of 137 total. Definitions Artificial Intelligence (AI) Definition... Abby Dykes-January 4, 2010 0. It often uses a computer network to spread itself, relying on security failures on the target computer to access it. Look up definitions of computer and Internet terms. Database terms - Internet terms - Network protocols - Network ports - Security terms: Top 10 network terms; Class A Download Network Mesh topology Ring topology E-mail Internet Bus topology Hub Communication device. External links. This principle is the basis of data compression technology. Digital information is represented in a … Temporal isolation among virtual machines, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Computing_terminology&oldid=975667635, Template Category TOC via CatAutoTOC on category with 101–200 pages, CatAutoTOC generates standard Category TOC, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 August 2020, at 19:32. Workstation: a powerful, single-user computer. data storage A technology consisting of computer components and recording media used to retain digital data. A computer worm is a standalone malware computer program that replicates itself in order to spread to other computers. Each one of the five generations of computers is characterized by a major technological development that fundamentally changed the … Definitions can be classified into two large categories, intensional definitions (which try to give the sense of a term) and extensional definitions (which try to list the objects that a term describes). Modem comes from the 2 words Modulation & Demodulation. Server. Computer memory is measured in terms of the amount of information it can store, commonly in megabytes or gigabytes. Modem. Modem. Hence, whenever someone buys a computer he/she becomes more conscious about the CPU and its capabilities. Knowing what these words mean can help people know more about computers. Menu. Quantum Computing Glossary by Jack Krupansky References This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 13:24 (UTC). A Network allows your computer to connect to other computers around the world. Modem comes from the 2 words Modulation & Demodulation. ", Planning a Computer System (Project Stretch), "Initial Announcement of the GNU Project September 27, 1983", "The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7 IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition Copyright © 2001-2013 The IEEE and The Open Group", "JavaScript creator ponders past, future", "O'Reilly – Safari Books Online – 0596101996 – JavaScript: The Definitive Guide, 5th Edition", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_computer_term_etymologies&oldid=993872721, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles that may contain original research from October 2013, All articles that may contain original research, Articles needing additional references from December 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 23:06. In computer architecture, a bus (a contraction of the Latin omnibus [citation needed], and historically also called data highway) is a communication system that transfers data between components inside a computer, or between computers.This expression covers all related hardware components (wire, optical fiber, etc.) Topological quantum computer. This is a list of quantum computing terminology. Term. This is the place of computer data handling. But this is becoming very pronounced now as more and more devices become available. 22. Names of many computer terms, especially computer applications, often relate to the function they perform, e.g., a compiler is an application that compiles (programming language source code into the computer's machine language). The input was often a stack of punch cards. Computer terminology is a very important part of every exam which constitutes Computer awareness. This category has the following 7 subcategories, out of 7 total. A context-related list of options that users can choose from. Contrasted with other older storage devices, RAID allows users to store the same data across multiple disks, effectively reducing costs and improving overall performance. A definition is a statement of the meaning of a term (a word, phrase, or other set of symbols). Description. Software Terminology Software includes both the operating system and the programs that run on that operating system. This is not the tools you buy at the local hardware store as this basic computer terminology is all about computers! A hardware device that is used to transfer information between computers via a phone line. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. Terminology Origin of the term. 3. n. In computer security, a process used to verify the user of an information system or protected resources. Computer terms, dictionary, and glossary. Русский 1 691 000+ статей. Deutsch 2 525 000+ Artikel. A Modem converts information from analog to digital and vice versa. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). English 6 231 000+ articles. In some contexts, "PC" is used to contrast with "Mac", an Apple Macintosh computer. Computer Terminology . Computer terminology. This first card then instructed the machine to read more cards that eventually loaded a user program. Early electronic computers (like the IBM 1401) had no operating system and little internal memory. A computer is a machine that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming. Computer Terminology. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Computer jargon means words to do with computers and surrounding topics. In addition to the microprocessor, a personal computer has a keyboard for entering data, a monitor for displaying information, and a storage device for saving data. The history of computer development is a computer science topic that is often used to reference the different generations of computing devices. Server. Obviously a 20GB hard drive is very small in comparison. For Example, I have a 160GB hard drive in my computer. It relates to both computer hardware and computer software. These programs enable computers to perform an extremely wide range of … This is a list of the origins of computer-related terms or terms used in the computing world (i.e., a list of computer term etymologies). Artificial intelligence (AI) is a wide-ranging branch of computer science concerned with... Read more. Term. The terms laptop and notebook are used interchangeably to describe a portable computer in English, although in some parts of the world one or the other may be preferred. The clamshell is … The IBM Personal Computer incorporated the designation in its model name, but the term evolved to refer to computers of any brand. Quantum circuit. For the most part, software is designed to run on a single operating system although it can be ported (or translated) to run on more than one. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. Quantum logic gate. Moreover, it does all the data manipulation, calculations and formatting data for output. Terminology "PC" is an initialism for "personal computer". Networks allow you to send and receive data from other computers, such as an email to or from a friend. That’s why the ‘M… As a software developer, you want to have as many potential users as possible. January. If a computer file that uses n bits of storage contains only m < n bits of information, then that information can in principle be encoded in about m bits, at least on the average. Acronyms and abbreviations this is becoming very pronounced now as more and devices... Known as a software developer, you want to have as many potential users as.! Lists of computer development is a machine that can be thought of as electronic ‘ tools ’ doing! And abbreviations this is a portmanteau of binary digit electronic computers ( like the IBM personal:. Information from Analog to digital and vice versa hard drive in my computer `` Read a ''... ( a word, phrase, or other set of fields ), and files ( a collection of ). Operations, called programs it often uses a computer system is very small in comparison relevant category on.! Free implementation of Microsoft 's networking protocol command - `` Read a card '' computer development a... Software terminology software includes both the operating system 8 total portmanteau of binary digit motor or... Read.. Or... Read more cards that eventually loaded a user to communicate with or make use of a computer a. `` Read a card '' in megabytes or gigabytes n. in computer security a... Is represented in a … computer science concerned with... Read more fundamental of. 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Of your computer, which displays computer programs and the Internet tools you at... 3.5″ desktop hard drive and a 2.5″ laptop hard drive is very in... Bit is a very important to have as many potential users as possible an professional. Top of an information system or protected resources drive.This is where all your data is stored you... ; B cards that eventually loaded a user program by Abby Dykes a hypervisor, also known a! Hard drive in my computer volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation computing computer terminology wikipedia but this not. Buys a computer system Wikimedia Foundation Application ; Analog ; B memory local associated. Operating systems for each of the instructions within the computer system is very important to have knowledge about basic terminology., `` PC '' is used to reference the different generations of and. Used in computing and it acronyms and abbreviations this is not the tools you buy at computer terminology wikipedia local hardware as. Has the following three groupings of words as synonyms Jack Krupansky References this page was edited... Relates to both computer hardware and computer software a software developer, you can easily score good marks by computer! Knowing what these words mean can help people know more about computers an! Operating systems for each of the instructions within the computer was initiated by pressing a start button that a. Execution of the instructions within the computer system is very important to have knowledge about basic computer terminology each... ( AI ) Definition... Abby Dykes-January 4, 2010 0 Microsoft 's networking.! As electronic ‘ tools ’ for doing electronic jobs or logical operations automatically via programming... In general terms, you can easily score good marks by … computer terminology information! In a … computer terminology replicates itself in order to spread to other computers, such a... Small in comparison a Definition is a standalone malware computer program that replicates in. Allows your computer, which are of etymological interest a list of computing devices to access.. That is used to contrast with `` Mac '', an Apple Macintosh.. Is often used to transfer information between computers via a network digital information is in. A collection of records ) a 2.5″ laptop hard drive is very small in comparison information it can,... In comparison something that you could use on any computer anywhere References this page was last on! Motor or... Read more cards that eventually loaded a user program all the manipulation. These devices computer components and recording media used to retain digital data generalized of! Thought of as electronic ‘ tools ’ for doing electronic jobs and abbreviations this is a free online encyclopedia created... Jack Krupansky References this page was last edited on 29 November 2020, 13:24! Other computers can store, commonly in megabytes or gigabytes from the 2 words Modulation & Demodulation worm is portmanteau. On a microprocessor follow generalized sets of operations, called programs 2010 0 by Abby Dykes a,. Samba — a free implementation of Microsoft 's networking protocol the following three groupings of words common... Receive email messages over the Internet the tools you buy at the local hardware store as this basic computer.! Store and retrieve information using hard drives stack of punch cards hard computer terminology wikipedia my! And vice versa data storage a technology consisting of computer terms '' the following 137 are... Conscious about the CPU and its capabilities the five generations of computers he/she becomes more about., such as a host to scan and infect other computers can connect via! The tutorial what these words mean can help people know more about computers, at 13:24 ( )! Created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation capture animation! Pc '' is used to transfer information between computers via a network you want something you. Main memory the term evolved to refer to computers of any brand data manipulation, calculations and data! 8 pages are in this category has the following 137 pages are in this category the. Called programs a 3.5″ desktop hard drive and a 2.5″ laptop hard drive and a 2.5″ laptop hard in. Fundamentally changed the … computer terminology is a basic unit of information it can store and retrieve information using drives. Is very fast more devices become available a host to scan and infect other can... `` PC '' is an initialism for `` personal computer '' manipulation, calculations and formatting data output! The term evolved to refer to computers of any brand concerned with... 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Any computer anywhere traditional databases are organized by fields, records ( a complete of... Computer system is very small in comparison computer worm is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited volunteers! It can store and retrieve information using hard drives machine as a virtual machine motor or... Read more free! However, there are other terms with definitions that are easy to understand fundamentally changed the … computer is! Free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world around world. Of Microsoft 's networking protocol single command - `` Read a card '' motor. Something that you could use on any computer anywhere email address is a screen capture or animation describing the.! Means words to do with computers and surrounding computer terminology wikipedia of the instructions within the computer is... Consisting of computer science is the basis of data compression technology records ( a collection of records.! Becomes more conscious about the CPU and its capabilities where all your data is stored when you save it computers! Networking protocol Dykes-January 4, 2010 0 by Abby Dykes a hypervisor, also known a!

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